We often must look at the Hebrew or Greek to grasp the importance of a word or phrase, such as “feasts of the Lord.”
The Hebrew word for “feasts” is môʿēḏ H4150, which means “appointed times.” These markers are set by God Himself and they are His set appointed times (feasts). When we dive into what these are, you will no doubt understand the importance of them and their timing. Also note the order of them, as everything is calculated by God.
Please note that these dates (such as first month, on the 14th day) are on God’s original calendar. We were forewarned that the enemy seeks to change times (and succeeds for those who are unaware).
And he shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High; and he shall think to change the times and the law; and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and half a time. (Daniel 7:25)
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, The set feasts of Jehovah, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my set feasts. (Leviticus 23:2)
When broken down in Hebrew, this verse says, “These set appointed times (feasts) you shall announce (proclaim) in their season and have a dress rehearsal (convocation) of them.”
(From here on we will use “appointed times” in place of “feasts.”)
(1) Passover and (2) Unleavened Bread
Remember, these occur on specific days.
These are the set feasts of Jehovah, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their appointed season. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, is Jehovah’s passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Jehovah: seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread. (Leviticus 23:4-6)
The fulfillment of these two appointed times is found at the crucifixion (Passover) and burial (Unleavened Bread) of Jesus.
Passover (death of the unblemished lamb, Jesus)
Now it was the Preparation of the passover: it was about the sixth hour. And he saith unto the Jews, Behold, your King! They therefore cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him! Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar. Then therefore he delivered him unto them to be crucified. (John 19:14-16)
Jesus’ prophecy of Passover
And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be delivered up into the hands of men; and they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised up. And they were exceeding sorry. (Matthew 17:22-23)
Unleavened Bread (Jesus buried with our sins)
Purge out the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, even as ye are unleavened. For our passover also hath been sacrificed, even Christ: wherefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (1 Corinthians 5:7-8)
Jesus’ prophecy of Unleavened Bread
for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)
The fulfillment of the appointed time Firstfruits was three days after His death (Passover), for this was the Resurrection.
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring the sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest unto the priest: (Leviticus 23:10)
But now hath Christ been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of them that are asleep. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But each in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; then they that are Christ’s, at his coming. (1 Corinthians 15:20-23)
The fulfillment of Pentecost (“pente” means 50) is the number of days after the Resurrection when the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the apostles.
And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave-offering; seven sabbaths shall there be complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meal-offering unto Jehovah. (Leviticus 23:15-16)
This is the completion of the first four set appointed times. They happened precisely on the days God set. Once the first one took place, the others happened simultaneously after, with years passing by. The first four happened in the spring, while the next three will take place in the fall, the time of the harvest.
Future appointed times
Many have speculated about these times. Because they are future events, many have their own interpretation of what they mean and how they will be fulfilled. As you know, we let the Word interpret itself.
One of these appointed times is connected to the so-called “rapture.” Many believe there will be an audible trumpet sound at the beginning of the tribulation, but nowhere in scripture can we find that. Jesus Himself points us to Daniel and not the sound of a trumpet.
When therefore ye see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let him that readeth understand), (Matthew 24:15)
Recall that the four spring appointments happened one after the other, once the first one started. All of the 70 weeks of Daniel needed to be fulfilled first. The seven bowls of the wrath of God happen after the tribulation.
When the 70 weeks conclude (the end of the tribulation), the trumpet sounds to alert everyone on earth that the end is here, the mystery of God is finished and the wrath in the bowls will soon be poured out. (Note that this wrath in the bowls is NOT the same wrath found in 1 Thessalonians 5:9. Just look up the Greek word for “wrath.”)
Days of vengeance
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest unto you, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. (Leviticus 23:24)
But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: (Matthew 24:29)
Fear not the things which thou art about to suffer: behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days. Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee the crown of life. (Revelation 2:10)
10 days after tribulation
The ark is closing. Fates are being sealed. The forgiveness of sins is about to end permanently.
Howbeit on the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement: it shall be a holy convocation unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto Jehovah. (Leviticus 23:27)
He that is unrighteous, let him do unrighteousness still: and he that is filthy, let him be made filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him do righteousness still: and he that is holy, let him be made holy still. Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to render to each man according as his work is. (Revelation 22:11-12)
Rapture / Ingathering / Dwelling with Jesus
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto Jehovah. (Leviticus 23:34)
Howbeit on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruits of the land, ye shall keep the feast of Jehovah seven days: on the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest. (Leviticus 23:39)
For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. (Matthew 23:39)
This is not said on the appointed time of Trumpets nor that of Atonement, but on Tabernacles.
Blessed be he that cometh in the name of Jehovah: We have blessed you out of the house of Jehovah. (Psalm 118:26)
What were Jesus and Mary really speaking about in the following verses?
And when the wine failed, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine. And Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come. (John 2:3-4)
Use your spiritual eyes
Jesus was speaking spiritually of the blood that they had to drink from Him.
Again, what did Jesus mean in the following verses?
Now the feast of the Jews, the feast of tabernacles, was at hand. His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that thy disciples also may behold thy works which thou doest. For no man doeth anything in secret, and himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou doest these things, manifest thyself to the world. For even his brethren did not believe on him. Jesus therefore saith unto them, My time is not yet come; but your time is always ready. (John 7:2-6)
Go ye up unto the feast: I go not up unto this feast; because my time is not yet fulfilled. (John 7:8)
Once again, Jesus was speaking spiritually of the appointed time of Tabernacles, not the one they were talking about, because He did go to that dress rehearsal.
But when his brethren were gone up unto the feast, then went he also up, not publicly, but as it were in secret. (John 7:10)
The first four set appointed times occurred in the spring because spring represents planting. The last three set appointed times are in the fall because this time has to do with the harvest. On Trumpets there will be a final blow, a warning, before the day of Atonement, in which the fate of each person is sealed and then we dwell (Tabernacle) with God. Tabernacles is the only time that we can see that continues into the Millennium.
And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations that came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, Jehovah of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. (Zechariah 14:16)
The rapture will be on Tabernacles and, one year later, in the Millennium, the unsaved mortals who have not died will come up to the city, the New Jerusalem. Jesus remains on the right hand until there’s a footstool, then He arises.
We will go into his tabernacles; We will worship at his footstool. Arise, O Jehovah, into thy resting-place; Thou, and the ark of thy strength. Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness; And let thy saints shout for joy. (Psalm 132:7-9)